Hirschsprung's disease or megacolon congenitum

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Hirschsprung's disease or megacolon congenitum

Disease Hirschsprung of megacolon congenitum (discovered by a Danish pediatrician) is a congenital defect, wherein the ganglia, for which the muscle movements of the large intestine are responsible, absence (aganglionose).

The relevant portion of the intestine does not move, what to obstinate constipation, overfilling and dilation leads. Swollen abdomen, where the faeces usually by groping to feel his, strong wind sighs and large amounts of faeces are symptoms, which is easy to observe his. X-rays can confirm the diagnosis.

In such cases, the empty rectum. The first measure is to dispose of the stool. Final healing is only possible by removal of the respective bowel section. With this major surgery may be waiting a year in newborn infants. Meanwhile, the infant should be carefully nurtured and cared, include daily colonics.

Other techniques used are the endorectale procedure of Soave, of rectosigmoïdectomie described by Swenson and Bill and finally the rectorectale-trans-anal approach Duhamel. Sometimes it may be necessary to first create a temporary colostomy to lay the chance to give to recover from a strong expansion or inflammatory bowel.

Innocent are diverticula (protuberances of the intestinal walls), because rarely lead them through the larger diameter and the looser suspension of the intestines unlike diverticula of the esophagus narrowing of the passage. Causes o.├Ą. weakened intestinal walls on higher age and scars.

Further information on this disease, can be found on Wikipedia: Hirschsprung's disease

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