Tag Archives: diarrhea

Diarrhea and vomiting

When infectious agents enter the digestive system, the body reacts to this by emptying the stomach and intestines. Vomiting and diarrhea are the result. While these symptoms can occur separately, they often go together.

The cause of diarrhea and vomiting

The most common cause of diarrhea and vomiting is infection of the digestive system. It is gastroenteritis or gastrointestinal catarrh called. Gastroenteritis can be caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria or viruses (food poisoning), but also from a viral infection that you have taken from someone else. Such infections may last between two hours and three days and are often accompanied by abdominal pain, fever and weakness.

Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting are sometimes side effects of antibiotics, which destroy the harmless bacteria in the gut that help digest food. If you all morning have diarrhea, you can be examined it is best to.

Vomiting in itself can have many different causes, For example, high fever in children or travel sickness, but can also be a side effect of drugs, alcohol or other toxic substances. If vomiting has to do with a stomach- or bowel disease, is usually accompanied by clearer signs.

Treatment of diarrhea

If you have a food poisoning have, stay calm and drink regularly are some of a solution to prevent drying out. If symptoms decrease, You can gradually shift to liquid food if you tolerate this again. Do not take any medicine for diarrhea in, because the excretion of harmful organisms slow.

Especially babies, children and elderly people have diarrhea and vomiting to dry the chance. This must be countered quickly, otherwise a dangerous situation there. This can be provided by additional moisture. They must per day 1 to 1,5 l re-hydratievloeistof take it to them. You can buy it in powder form and self add water, but you can also make your own solution: half a teaspoon of salt, two teaspoons of sugar and a quarter teaspoon of baking soda in a pint of water.

Consult your doctor for children under two years, if the diarrhea and vomiting for more than two days and signs of dehydration: drowsiness, deep-set eyes and dry skin.

Darmparasieten: lintwormen, ass maggots and trichinosis

Wormen in ontlasting: Lintwormen, spoelwormen, ass maggots and trichinosis all intestinal parasites, used to play an important role as pathogens. The mandatory inspection of meat and vegetables and improved hygiene in general, they have become much rarer with us, although especially ass maggots yet to be determined regularly in children. Travelers from tropical countries spend ever more dangerous parasites along.

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Man is the main host for the tapeworm of beef, the pig and the fish (but intermediate host for the tapeworm of the dog). The beef tapeworm lays its eggs in the intestine of humans.

The intermediate host (het rund) takes them while grazing (the fertilized pasture) on. Arise larvae, that with the blood in the muscles, the liver and the lungs are placed and there is encapsulation. These so-called "fins" of intestinal parasites are reabsorbed by humans through eating beef. Once the bladder worms in the gut are, is the head of the tapeworm emerges, sucks itself to the lining of the small intestine and feeds on the intestinal contents.

This cycle is also true for the tapeworm of the pig and of the fish. The tapeworm is a 2 to 30 cm long chain of individual members, that once they are ripe, successively divested puts faeces disposed, where their presence can be established. People with tapeworm initially no complaints. Later join pressure sensation in the upper abdomen, famine or lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting.

The treatment of intestinal parasites is to make the head of the tapeworm with special means loose. Fins in the body can only be removed by surgery. When the tapeworm Dog the cycle in the intestine of the dog starts. Man is infected (eg. by stroking) and is thus intermediate host for the flippers; this condition is more dangerous, because the vesicles, especially in the liver and the lungs, but also in other organs such as brains, arrive and there are serious disorders cause. Even more dangerous is the, when people are infected with the eggs of the other tapeworms, they have developed in their own bodies, because they not only main host, but also between host are.


Trichinose, that in our country no longer appears, listed, because eating raw pork in some holiday countries still not safe, by the presence of the fins of trichinae. In the intestine of humans alter the larvae mature worms. The male intestinal parasites come after fertilization to, while females 1000 to 2000 larvae in the lymphatic vessels of the intestinal mucosa off. These larvae penetrate all organs, especially oxygen-rich muscle groups. Pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea announcing the serious illness. Distress and persistent high fever followed. The muscles are stiff and swollen as rheumatism.

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There is no specific cure for trichinosis. Half of the patients can not be helped, and some death. Ass Maden live in the small intestine and in the upper parts of the large intestine. The approximately 1 cm long females lay their eggs outside the intestine, because they need oxygen for their development. This usually happens at night, because the sphincter of the anus is weaker than. The sleeper feels itching, scratching and bring the eggs back into the digestive system (children eg. by thumb sucking). Infection also occurs via vegetables, clothing, etc.. place. De witte, very motile maggots are usually massive in the stool found. Since contamination is particularly easy, is recommended as a family or even treat the whole class.

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The female roundworm lays daily 200 000 eieren in de thin intestine. These eggs are discharged with the stool and can then be reabsorbed by humans via fertilized vegetables or fruit, where they are in the same intestinal stages through as the ass maggots. Be the first adult roundworms two to three months later, about 20 cm long and as thick as a pencil are, in the stoelgang found. Because they multiply very quickly, a powerful treatment should be initiated. Roundworms can form clusters, the intestine or bile ducts clog; their metabolic residues can give rise to poisoning in the intestines.