Tag Archives: food poisoning

Diarrhea and vomiting

When infectious agents enter the digestive system, the body reacts to this by emptying the stomach and intestines. Vomiting and diarrhea are the result. While these symptoms can occur separately, they often go together.

The cause of diarrhea and vomiting

The most common cause of diarrhea and vomiting is infection of the digestive system. It is gastroenteritis or gastrointestinal catarrh called. Gastroenteritis can be caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria or viruses (food poisoning), but also from a viral infection that you have taken from someone else. Such infections may last between two hours and three days and are often accompanied by abdominal pain, fever and weakness.

Diarrhea, nausea and vomiting are sometimes side effects of antibiotics, which destroy the harmless bacteria in the gut that help digest food. If you all morning have diarrhea, you can be examined it is best to.

Vomiting in itself can have many different causes, For example, high fever in children or travel sickness, but can also be a side effect of drugs, alcohol or other toxic substances. If vomiting has to do with a stomach- or bowel disease, is usually accompanied by clearer signs.

Treatment of diarrhea

If you have a food poisoning have, stay calm and drink regularly are some of a solution to prevent drying out. If symptoms decrease, You can gradually shift to liquid food if you tolerate this again. Do not take any medicine for diarrhea in, because the excretion of harmful organisms slow.
WARNING

Especially babies, children and elderly people have diarrhea and vomiting to dry the chance. This must be countered quickly, otherwise a dangerous situation there. This can be provided by additional moisture. They must per day 1 to 1,5 l re-hydratievloeistof take it to them. You can buy it in powder form and self add water, but you can also make your own solution: half a teaspoon of salt, two teaspoons of sugar and a quarter teaspoon of baking soda in a pint of water.

Consult your doctor for children under two years, if the diarrhea and vomiting for more than two days and signs of dehydration: drowsiness, deep-set eyes and dry skin.

Spinach Poisoning by nitrate-rich substances

Spinach Poisoning

Spinach contains a lot of nutrients and vitamins. It uses the nitrogen compound sodium nitrate from the soil for its own metabolic. In certain circumstances, it can be converted to nitrite in the plant present excess nitrate. This can happen when spinach is not stored, a second time, is heated, or when the water used in the preparation of nitrate. This can lead to poisoning spinach.

The pathological intestinal flora of an infant, that formula gets, conversion can launch. Nitrite can methemoglo-binevorming cause. Methemoglobin is an oxidation product of hemoglobin, the red blood pigment; the methemoglobin keeps the oxygen established this to the tissues down instead of. Clearly visible cyanosis, increased respiration and pulse, and in half of the cases diarrhea. The child must be brought where the nitrate in the blood is withdrawn and is replaced by oxygen back to the hospital immediately.

Nitrate-rich vegetables (green vegetables) may cause, together with the proteins of fish nitrosamines or a nitrosamine reactie generation. This reaction takes place in the stomach and can cause cancer. Therefore, the combination of nitrate-rich vegetables such as lettuce and spinach with fishery products (screw, seafood) not recommended. Nitrate poor foods such as green beans, carrots, endive and peppers can be eaten with fish.

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Nitrate-rich vegetables

Some nitrate-rich vegetables listed here:

  • spinach
  • raapstelen
  • provide rode
  • Chinese kool
  • School Rabbi
  • Fennel
  • paksoi
  • endive
  • watercress
  • postelein
  • all kinds of lettuce
  • cabbage
  • celery

Intoxication is associated with spinach dark stools.

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